Section: New Results
New results: quantum control
New results have been obtained for the control of the bilinear Schrödinger equation.

In [2] we present a sufficient condition for approximate controllability of the bilinear discretespectrum Schrödinger equation in the multiinput case. The controllability result extends to simultaneous controllability, approximate controllability in ${H}^{s}$, and tracking in modulus. The sufficient condition is more general than those present in the literature even in the singleinput case and allows the spectrum of the uncontrolled operator to be very degenerate (e.g. to have multiple eigenvalues or equal gaps among different pairs of eigenvalues). We apply the general result to a rotating polar linear molecule, driven by three orthogonal external fields. A remarkable property of this model is the presence of infinitely many degeneracies and resonances in the spectrum.

In [5] we consider the minimum time population transfer problem for a two level quantum system driven by two external fields with bounded amplitude. The controls are modeled as real functions and we do not use the Rotating Wave Approximation. After projection on the Bloch sphere, we treat the timeoptimal control problem with techniques of optimal synthesis on 2D manifolds. Based on the Pontryagin Maximum Principle, we characterize a restricted set of candidate optimal trajectories. Properties on this set, crucial for complete optimal synthesis, are illustrated by numerical simulations. Furthermore, when the two controls have the same bound and this bound is small with respect to the difference of the two energy levels, we get a complete optimal synthesis up to a small neighborhood of the antipodal point of the initial condition.

In [11] we investigate the controllability of quantum electrons trapped in a twodimensional device, typically a metal oxide semiconductor (MOS) fieldeffect transistor. The problem is modeled by the Schrödinger equation in a bounded domain coupled to the Poisson equation for the electrical potential. The controller acts on the system through the boundary condition on the potential, on a part of the boundary modeling the gate. We prove that, generically with respect to the shape of the domain and boundary conditions on the gate, the device is controllable. We also consider control properties of a more realistic nonlinear version of the device, taking into account the selfconsistent electrostatic Poisson potential.

In [29] we prove the approximate controllability of a bilinear Schrödinger equation modelling a two trapped ions system. A new spectral decoupling technique is introduced, which allows to analyze the controllability of the infinitedimensional system through finitedimensional considerations.