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Section: New Software and Platforms

Old software


Camloo is a caml-light to bigloo compiler, which was developed a few years ago to target bigloo 1.6c. New major releases 0.4.x of camloo have been done to support bigloo 3.4 and bigloo 3.5. Camloo make it possible for the user to develop seamlessly a multi-language project, where some files are written in caml-light, in C, and in bigloo. Unlike the previous versions of camloo, 0.4.x versions do not need a modified bigloo compiler to obtain good performance. Currently, the only supported backend for camloo is bigloo/C. We are currently rewriting the runtime of camloo in bigloo to get more portability and to be able to use HOP and camloo together.


Skribe is a functional programming language designed for authoring documents, such as Web pages or technical reports. It is built on top of the Scheme programming language. Its concrete syntax is simple and looks familiar to anyone used to markup languages. Authoring a document with Skribe is as simple as with HTML or LaTeX. It is even possible to use it without noticing that it is a programming language because of the conciseness of its original syntax: the ratio tag/text is smaller than with the other markup systems we have tested.

Executing a Skribe program with a Skribe evaluator produces a target document. It can be HTML files for Web browsers, a LaTeX file for high-quality printed documents, or a set of info pages for on-line documentation.


Scm2JS is a Scheme to JavaScript compiler distributed under the GPL license. Even though much effort has been spent on being as close as possible to R5rs , we concentrated mainly on efficiency and interoperability. Usually Scm2JS produces JavaScript code that is comparable (in speed) to hand-written code. In order to achieve this performance, Scm2JS is not completely R5rs compliant. In particular it lacks exact numbers.

Interoperability with existing JavaScript code is ensured by a JavaScript-like dot-notation to access JavaScript objects and by a flexible symbol-resolution implementation.

Scm2JS is used on a daily basis within Hop , where it generates the code which is sent to the clients (web-browsers). Scm2JS can be found at http://www-sop.inria.fr/indes/scheme2js .

The FunLoft language

FunLoft (described in http://www-sop.inria.fr/teams/indes/rp/FunLoft ) is a programming language in which the focus is put on safety and multicore.

FunLoft is built on the model of FairThreads which makes concurrent programming simpler than usual preemptive-based techniques by providing a framework with a clear and sound semantics. FunLoft is designed with the following objectives:

  • provide a safe language, in which, for example, data-races are impossible.

  • control the use of resources (CPU and memory), for example, memory leaks cannot occur in FunLoft programs, which always react in finite time.

  • have an efficient implementation which can deal with large numbers of concurrent components.

  • benefit from the real parallelism offered by multicore machines.

A first experimental version of the compiler is available on the Reactive Programming site http://www-sop.inria.fr/teams/indes/rp . Several benchmarks are given, including cellular automata and simulation of colliding particles.

The Bigloo compiler

The programming environment for the Bigloo compiler [7] is available on the Inria Web site at the following URL: http://www-sop.inria.fr/teams/indes/fp/Bigloo . The distribution contains an optimizing compiler that delivers native code, JVM bytecode, and .NET CLR bytecode. It contains a debugger, a profiler, and various Bigloo development tools. The distribution also contains several user libraries that enable the implementation of realistic applications.

Bigloo was initially designed for implementing compact stand-alone applications under Unix. Nowadays, it runs harmoniously under Linux and MacOSX. The effort initiated in 2002 for porting it to Microsoft Windows is pursued by external contributors. In addition to the native back-ends, the Bigloo JVM back-end has enabled a new set of applications: Web services, Web browser plug-ins, cross platform development, etc. The new Bigloo .NET CLR back-end that is fully operational since release 2.6e enables a smooth integration of Bigloo programs under the Microsoft .NET environment.


The prototype compiler “CFlow” takes as input code annotated with information flow security labels for integrity and confidentiality and compiles to F# code that implements cryptography and protocols that satisfy the given security specification.

Cflow has been coded in F#, developed mainly on Linux using mono (as a substitute to .NET), and partially tested under Windows (relying on .NET and Cygwin). The code is distributed under the terms of the CeCILL-B license.

FHE type-checker

We have developed a type checker for programs that feature modern cryptographic primitives such as fully homomorphic encryption. The type checker is thought as an extension of the “CFlow” compiler developed last year on the same project. It is implemented in F#. The code is distributed under the terms of the CeCILL-B license.

Mashic compiler

The Mashic compiler is applied to mashups with untrusted scripts. The compiler generates mashups with sandboxed scripts, secured by the same origin policy of the browsers. The compiler is written in Bigloo and can be found at http://www-sop.inria.fr/indes/mashic/ .

IFJS compiler

The IFJS compiler is applied to JavaScript code. The compiler generates JavaScript code instrumented with checks to secure code. The compiler takes into account special features of JavaScript such as implicit type coercions and programs that actively try to bypass the inlined enforcement mechanisms. The compiler guarantees that third-party programs cannot (1) access the compiler internal state by randomizing the names of the resources through which it is accessed and (2) change the behaviour of native functions that are used by the enforcement mechanisms inlined in the compiled code.

The compiler is written in JavaScript and can be found at http://www-sop.inria.fr/indes/ifJS .