Section: Research Program
We are mainly concerned with complex fluid mechanics problems. The complexity consists of the rheological nature of the fluids (non newtonian fluids), of the coupling phenomena (in shape optimization problems), of the geometry (micro-channels) or of multi-scale phenomena arising in turbulence or in tumor growth modeling. Our goal is to understand these phenomena and to simulate and/or to control them. The subject is wide and we will restrict ourselves to three directions: the first one consists in studying low Reynolds number interface problems in multi-fluid flows with applications to complex fluids, microfluidics and biology - the second one deals with numerical simulation of Newtonian fluid flows with emphasis on the coupling of methods to obtain fast solvers.
Even if we deal with several kinds of applications, there is a strong scientific core at each level of our project. Concerning the model, we are mainly concerned with incompressible flows and we work with the classical description of incompressible fluid dynamics. For the numerical methods, we use the penalization method to describe the obstacles or the boundary conditions for high Reynolds flows, for shape optimization, for interface problems in biology or in microfluidics. This allows us to use only cartesian meshes. Moreover, we use the level-set method for interface problems, for shape optimization and for fluid structure interaction. Finally, for the implementation, strong interaction exists between the members of the team and the modules of the numerical codes are used by all the team and we want to build the platform eLYSe to systematize this approach.