Section: Research Program

Optimal Transport

We believe that matching optimal transport with geometric control theory is one originality of our team. We expect interactions in both ways.

The study of optimal mass transport problems in the Euclidean or Riemannian setting has a long history which goes from the pioneer works of Monge  [53] and Kantorovitch  [46] to the recent revival initiated by fundamental contributions due to Brenier  [32] and McCann  [52] .

Th same transportation problems in the presence of differential constraints on the set of paths —like being an admissible trajectory for a control system— is quite new. The first contributors were Ambrosio and Rigot  [19] who proved the existence and uniqueness of an optimal transport map for the Monge problem associated with the squared canonical sub-Riemannian distance on the Heisenberg groups. This result was extended later by Agrachev and Lee  [16] , then by Figalli and Rifford  [37] who showed that the Ambrosio-Rigot theorem holds indeed true on many sub-Riemannian manifolds satisfying reasonable assumptions. The problem of existence and uniqueness of an optimal transport map for the squared sub-Riemannian distance on a general complete sub-Riemannian manifold remains open; it is strictly related to the regularity of the sub-Riemannian distance in the product space, and remains a formidable challenge. Generalized notions of Ricci curvatures (bounded from below) in metric spaces have been developed recently by Lott and Villani  [50] and Sturm  [63] , [64] . A pioneer work by Juillet  [43] captured the right notion of curvature for subriemannian metric in the Heisenberg group; Agrachev and Lee [17] have elaborated on this work to define new notions of curvatures in three dimensional sub-Riemannian structures. The optimal transport approach happened to be very fruitful in this context. Many things remain to do in a more general context.