Section: New Results

Multi scales approximations of "Shallow water" flows.

Participants : Jeaniffer Vides, Boniface Nkonga, Sergey Gavrilyuk, Kseniya Ivanova.

The terminology "Shallow water" is used to characterize thin flows on curved surfaces. It is customary for this type of flows; to use the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations to asymptotically derive reduced models for the evolution of the depth integrated speed and the thickness of the flow. Reduced models are mainly hyperbolic and finite volume method are often used for their numerical approximation. Approximation strategies are generally structured as follow:

  • Construction of a global coordinate system associated with an assumed analytical surface.

  • Reduction of the model relatively to the global coordinate system

  • Approximation of the surface by a finite number of elements.

  • Approximation of the reduced model using the discrete surface.

In the context of real applications, it is presumptuous to expect an analytical formulation of the surface. From the data provided by observation satellites, we can usually extract a discrete description of the surfaces that drives thin flow. Therefore, it is more practical to use the discrete description as the starting point of the resolution strategy. This is the angle of approach that we have considered. We locally define two mesh scales: the element scale and the cell scale. The discrete mapping and the reduced model are defined at the element scale and the average values that evolve in time are defined at the cell scale. First applications have been successfully performed. Our efforts have been extended to include relevant physics at each scale, including sheared flows. We have used a multi-dimensional formulation. An Inria report is under preparation.