Section: New Results
What frequency bandwidth to run cellular network in a given country? - a downlink dimensioning problem
In  we propose an analytic approach to the frequency bandwidth dimensioning problem, faced by cellular network operators who deploy/upgrade their networks in various geographical regions (countries) with an inhomogeneous urbanization. We present a model allowing one to capture fundamental relations between users' quality of service parameters (mean downlink throughput), traffic demand, the density of base station deployment, and the available frequency bandwidth. These relations depend on the applied cellular technology (3G or 4G impacting user peak bit-rate) and on the path-loss characteristics observed in different (urban, sub-urban and rural) areas. We observe that if the distance between base stations is kept inversely proportional to the distance coefficient of the path-loss function, then the performance of the typical cells of these different areas is similar when serving the same (per-cell) traffic demand. In this case, the frequency bandwidth dimensioning problem can be solved uniformly across the country applying the mean cell approach proposed in [Blaszczyszyn et al. WiOpt2014]. We validate our approach by comparing the analytical results to measurements in operational networks in various geographical zones of different countries.