Section: New Results
Spatial distribution of the SINR in Poisson cellular networks with sector antennas
In  we consider a model of cellular networks where the base station locations constitute a Poisson point process and each base station is equipped with three sectorial antennas is proposed. This model permits to study the spatial distribution of the SINR in the downlink. In particular, this distribution is shown to be insensitive to the distribution of antenna azimuths. Moreover, the effect of horizontal sectorisation is shown to be equivalent to that of shadowing. Assuming ideal vertical antenna pattern, an explicit expression of the Laplace transform of the inverse of SINR is given. The model is validated by comparing its results to measurements in an operational network. It is observed numerically that, in the case of dense urban regions where interference is preponderant, one may neglect the effect of the vertical sectorization when calculating the distribution of the SINR, which provides considerable tractability. Combined with queuing theory results, the SINR’s distribution permits to express the user’s quality of service as function of the traffic demand. This permits in particular to operators to predict the required investments to face the continual increase of traffic demand.