Section: New Results
Numerical study of a quantum-diffusive spin model for two-dimensional electron gases
In  , we investigate the time evolution of spin densities in a two-dimensional electron gas subjected to Rashba spin-orbit coupling on the basis of the quantum drift-diffusive model. This model assumes the electrons to be in a quantum equilibrium state in the form of a Maxwellian operator. The resulting quantum drift-diffusion equations for spin-up and spin-down densities are coupled in a non-local manner via two spin chemical potentials (Lagrange multipliers) and via off-diagonal elements of the equilibrium spin density and spin current matrices, respectively. We present two space-time discretizations of the model, one semi-implicit and one explicit, which comprise also the Poisson equation in order to account for electron-electron interactions. In a first step pure time discretization is applied in order to prove the well-posedness of the two schemes, both of which are based on a functional formalism to treat the non-local relations between spin densities. We then use the fully space-time discrete schemes to simulate the time evolution of a Rashba electron gas confined in a bounded domain and subjected to spin-dependent external potentials. Finite difference approximations are first order in time and second order in space. The discrete functionals introduced are minimized with the help of a conjugate gradient-based algorithm, where the Newton method is applied in order to find the respective line minima. The numerical convergence in the long-time limit of a Gaussian initial condition towards the solution of the corresponding stationary Schrödinger- Poisson problem is demonstrated for different values of the numerical parameters. Moreover, the performances of the semi-implicit and the explicit scheme are compared.