Section: New Software and Platforms
Adaptive sparse polynomial dimensional decomposition for global sensitivity analysis
Keywords: Stochastic models - Uncertainty quantification
The polynomial dimensional decomposition (PDD) is employed in this code for the global sensitivity analysis and uncertainty quantification (UQ) of stochastic systems subject to a moderate to large number of input random variables. Due to the intimate structure between the PDD and the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) approach, PDD is able to provide a simpler and more direct evaluation of the Sobol sensitivity indices, when compared to the Polynomial Chaos expansion (PC). Unfortunately, the number of PDD terms grows exponentially with respect to the size of the input random vector, which makes the computational cost of standard methods unaffordable for real engineering applications. In order to address the problem of the curse of dimensionality, this code proposes essentially variance-based adaptive strategies aiming to build a cheap meta-model (i.e. surrogate model) by employing the sparse PDD approach with its coefficients computed by regression. Three levels of adaptivity are carried out in this code: 1) the truncated dimensionality for ANOVA component functions, 2) the active dimension technique especially for second- and higher-order parameter interactions, and 3) the stepwise regression approach designed to retain only the most influential polynomials in the PDD expansion. During this adaptive procedure featuring stepwise regressions, the surrogate model representation keeps containing few terms, so that the cost to resolve repeatedly the linear systems of the least-square regression problem is negligible. The size of the finally obtained sparse PDD representation is much smaller than the one of the full expansion, since only significant terms are eventually retained. Consequently, a much less number of calls to the deterministic model is required to compute the final PDD coefficients.
This code allows an efficient meta-modeling for a complex numerical system featuring a moderate-to-large number of uncertain parameters. This innovative approach involves polynomial representations combined with the Analysis of Variance decomposition, with the objective to quantify the numerical output uncertainty and its sensitivity upon the variability of input parameters.