Section: Application Domains
Dependability and safety
Our abilities in probability and statistics apply naturally to industry in particular in studies of dependability and safety.
An illustrative example which gathers several topics of team is a collaboration started in September 2013 with Airbus Defence & Space. The goal of this project is the optimization of the assembly line of the future European launcher, taking into account several kinds of economical and technical constraints. We have started with a simplified model with five components to be assembled in workshops liable to breakdowns. We have modeled the problem using the Markov Decision Processes (MDP) framework and built a simulator of the process in order to run a simulation-based optimization procedure.
A second example concerns the optimization of the maintenance of a on board system equipped with a HUMS (Health Unit Monitoring Systems) in collaboration with THALES Optronique. The physical system under consideration is modeled by a piecewise deterministic Markov process. In the context of impulse control, we propose a dynamic maintenance policy, adapted to the state of the system and taking into account both random failures and those related to the degradation phenomenon.
However the spectrum of applications of the topics of the team is larger and may concern many other fields. Indeed non parametric and semi-parametric regression methods can be used in biometry, econometrics or engineering for instance. Gene selection from microarray data and text categorization are two typical application domains of dimension reduction among others. We had for instance the opportunity via the scientific program PRIMEQUAL to work on air quality data and to use dimension reduction techniques as principal component analysis (PCA) or positive matrix factorization (PMF) for pollution sources identification and quantization.