Section: New Results


Time-harmonic acoustic scattering in a vortical flow

Participants : Antoine Bensalah, Patrick Joly, Jean-François Mercier.

This activity is done in the framework of the PhD of Antoine Bensalah, in partnership with Airbus Group. We study the time-harmonic acoustic radiation in a fluid in a general flow which is not curl free, but has restricted vortical areas. The objective is to take into account the complicated coupling between acoustics and hydrodynamics. The Galbrun approach developed previously in 2D is too expensive in terms of degrees of freedom for 3D simulations. As an alternative, we propose to consider instead the Goldstein equations, which are vectorial only in the vortical areas and remain scalar elsewhere.

To begin with, we aim at determining the acoustic field radiated in 2D by a time-harmonic source in a fluid in flow. Goldstein's equations are proved to be well-posed outside a spectrum of frequencies corresponding to resonant streamlines. This band spectrum is explicitly determined for two simple geometries (an annular domain and a rectangular one with periodic conditions). Then the full model is shown to be well-posed under a coercivity condition, implying a subsonic flow with a small enough vorticity.

Propagation of solitons through Helmholtz resonators

Participant : Jean-François Mercier.

With Bruno Lombard (Laboratoire de Mécanique et Acoustique of Marseille), we study the propagation of nonlinear solitary acoustic waves in a 1D waveguide connected to a lattice of Helmholtz resonators. We start from an homogenized model of the literature, consisting of two coupled equations evolution: a nonlinear PDE describing acoustic waves (similar to the Burgers equation), and a linear ODE describing oscillations in the Helmholtz resonators. We have already developed a numerical modeling of this model and we have compared simulations with experimental data.

The drawback of the homogenized model is that all the resonators must be the same. In particular the reflection of an incident wave by a defect cannot be considered. To remedy this limitation, we have proposed an extension of the model, predicting two-way propagation across variable resonators. Thanks to a new discrete description of the resonators, the improved model takes into account two important features: resonators of different strengths and back-scattering effects. Comparisons with experimental data show that a closer agreement is obtained.