Section: New Results
Automating the design of tokamak experiment scenarios
Participants : Jacques Blum, Holger Heumann, Xiao Song.
The real-time control of plasma position, shape and current in a tokamak has to be ensured by the Poloidal Field (PF) system. A standard strategy is to feedback-control the currents in the PF coils in order to match reference currents, the latter being a combination of FeedForward (FF) and FeedBack (FB) terms. While the FB part allows a precise control, it can work only near the target and therefore the FF part is essential to “guide” the system, i.e. to approximately reach the target while remaining clear from hardware limits. An essential part of tokamak scenario design is therefore the construction of these FF waveforms. A tool for automatic FF waveforms optimisation (the inverse evolutive mode of the Free-Boundary Equilibrium [FBE] solver FEEQS.M) has been developed recently in the frame of a collaboration with IRFM, CEA. This tool reduces drastically the amount of human work needed to design optimized scenarios compatible with hardware limits. Xiao Song has performed first applications and validations of this tool on present and future machines such as WEST and ITER. This preliminary work focused on the choice of the cost-function and compared different choices for the same type of discharge. A second key aspect of this work was the treatment of inequality constraints via penalisation terms.