Section: Research Program
Evaluating Machine Intelligence
Increasingly, complicated machine learning systems are being incorporated into real-life applications (e.g. self-driving cars, personal assistants), even though they cannot be formally verified, guaranteed statistically, nor even explained. In these cases, a well defined empirical approach to evaluation can offer interesting insights into the functioning and offer some control over these algorithms.
Several approaches exist to evaluate the 'cognitive' abilities of machines, from the subjective comparison of human and machine performance  to application-specific metrics (e.g., in speech, word error rate). A recent idea consist in evaluating an AI system in terms of it's abilities  , i.e., functional components within a more global cognitive architecture . Psychophysical testing can offer batteries of tests using simple tasks that are easy to understand by humans or animals (e.g, judging whether two stimuli are same or different, or judging whether one stimulus is ‘typical’) which can be made selective to a specific component and to rare but difficult or adversarial cases. Evaluations of learning rate, domain adaptation and transfer learning are simple applications of these measures. Psychophysically inspired tests have been proposed for unsupervised speech and language learning , .