Section: New Results
Fluid motion estimation
Stochastic uncertainty models for motion estimation
Participants : Musaab Khalid Osman Mohammed, Etienne Mémin.
This work is concerned with the design of motion estimation technique for image-based river velocimetry. The method proposed is based on an advection diffusion equation associated to the transport of large-scale quantity with a model of the unresolved small-scale contributions. Additionally, since there is no ground truth data for such type of image sequences, a new evaluation method to assess the results has been developed. It is based on trajectory reconstruction of few Lagrangian particles of interest and a direct comparison against their manually-reconstructed trajectories. The new motion estimation technique outperformed traditional optical flow and PIV-based methods used in hydrology . This study has been performed within the PhD thesis of Musaab Khalid and through a collaboration with the Irstea Lyon hydrology research group (HHLY).
Development of an image-based measurement method for large-scale characterization of indoor airflows
Participants : Dominique Heitz, Etienne Mémin, Romain Schuster.
The goal is to design a new image-based flow measurement method for large-scale industrial applications. From this point of view, providing in situ measurement technique requires: (i) the development of precise models relating the large-scale flow observations to the velocity; (ii) appropriate large-scale regularization strategies; and (iii) adapted seeding and lighting systems, like Hellium Filled Soap Bubles (HFSB) and led ramp lighting. This work conducted within the PhD of Romain Schuster in collaboration with the compagny ITGA has started in february 2016. The first step has been to evaluate the performances of a stochastic uncertainty motion estimator when using large scale scalar images, like those obtained when seeding a flow with smoke. The PIV characterization of flows on large fields of view requires an adaptation of the motion estimation method from image sequences. The backward shift of the camera coupled to a dense scalar seeding involves a large scale observation of the flow, thereby producing uncertainty about the observed phenomena. By introducing a stochastic term related to this uncertainty into the observation term, we obtained a significant improvement of the estimated velocity field accuracy. The technique was validated on a mixing layer in a wind tunnel for HFSB and smoke tracers  and applied on a laboratory fume-hood , , . This study demonstrated the feasibility of conducting on-site large-scale image-based measurements for indoor airflows characterization. The technique was also assessed in an outdoor flow
3D flows reconstruction from image data
Participants : Dominique Heitz, Etienne Mémin.
Our work focuses on the design of new tools for the estimation of 3D turbulent flow motion in the experimental setup of Tomo-PIV. This task includes both the study of physically-sound models on the observations and the fluid motion, and the design of low-complexity and accurate estimation algorithms. This year, we continued our investigation on the problem of efficient volume reconstruction via ensemble assimilation scheme. We have proposed a novel method for volumetric velocity reconstruction exploring the locality of 3D object space. Under this formulation the velocity of local patch was sought to match the projection of the particles within the local patch in image space to the image recorded by camera. The core algorithm to solve the matching problem is an instance-based estimation scheme that can overcome the difficulties of optimization originated from the nonlinear relationship between the imageintensity residual and the volumetric velocity. The proposed method labeled as Lagrangian Particle ImageVelocimetry (LaPIV) is quantitatively evaluated with synthetic particle image data. The promising results indicated the potential application of LaPIV to a large variety of volumetric velocity reconstruction problems .