Section: New Software and Platforms
Demodocos (Examples to Generic Scenario Models Generator)
Keywords: Surgical process modelling - Net synthesis - Process mining
Scientific Description: Demodocos is used to construct a Test and Flip net (Petri net variant) from a collection of instances of a given procedure. The tool takes as input either standard XES log files (a standard XML file format for process mining tools) or a specific XML file format for surgical applications. The result is a Test and Flip net and its marking graph. The tool can also build a #SEVEN scenario for integration into a virtual reality environment. The scenario obtained corresponds to the generalization of the input instances, namely the instances synthesis enriched with new behaviors respecting the relations of causality, conflicts and competition observed.
Demodocos is a synthesis tool implementing a linear algebraic polynomial time algorithm. Computations are done in the Z/2Z ring. Test and Flip nets extend Elementary Net Systems by allowing test to zero, test to one and flip arcs. The effect of flip arcs is to complement the marking of the place. While the net synthesis problem has been proved to be NP hard for Elementary Net Systems, thanks to flip arcs, the synthesis of Test and Flip nets can be done in polynomial time. Test and flip nets have the required expressivity to give concise and accurate representations of surgical processes (models of types of surgical operations). Test and Flip nets can express causality and conflict relations. The tool takes as input either standard XES log files (a standard XML file format for process mining tools) or a specific XML file format for surgical applications. The output is a Test and Flip net, solution of the following synthesis problem: Given a finite input language (log file), compute a net, which language is the least language in the class of Test and Flip net languages, containing the input language.
Functional Description: The tool Demodocos allows to build a generic model for a given procedure from some examples of instances of this procedure. The generated model can take the form of a graph, a Test 'n Flip net or a SEVEN scenario (intended for integration into a virtual reality environment).
The classic use of the tool is to apply the summary operation to a set of files describing instances of the target procedure. Several file formats are supported, including the standard XES format for log events. As output, several files are generated. These files represent the generic procedure in different forms, responding to varied uses.
This application is of limited interest in the case of an isolated use, out of context and without a specific objective when using the model generated. It was developed as part of a research project focusing in particular on surgical procedures, and requiring the generation of a generic model for integration into a virtual reality training environment. It is also quite possible to apply the same method in another context.