Section: Research Program
Data and image analysis, statistical, ODEs, PDEs, and agent-based approaches are used either individually or in combination, with a strong focus on PDE analysis and agent-based approaches. Mamba was created in January 2014. It aims at developing models, simulations, numerical and control algorithms to solve questions from life sciences involving dynamics of phenomena encountered in biological systems such as protein intra-cellular spatio-temporal dynamics, cell motion, early embryonic development, multicellular growth, wound healing and liver regeneration, cancer evolution, healthy and tumor growth control by pharmaceuticals, protein polymerization occurring in neurodegenerative disorders, control of dengue epidemics, etc.
Another guideline of our project is to remain close to the most recent questions of experimental biology or medicine.In this context, we develop many close and fruitful collaborations with biologists and physicians, among which we can quote: the collaboration with St Antoine Hospital in Paris within the Institut Universitaire de Cancérologie of Sorbonne Université (IUC, Luis Almeida, Jean Clairambault, Dirk Drasdo, Benoît Perthame); Institut Jacques Monod (Luis Almeida); INRA Jouy-en-Josas (VIM team, headed by Human Rezaei and Vincent Béringue (Marie Doumic anc Philippe Robert); Wei-Feng Xue's team in the university of Canterbury (Marie Doumic and Philippe Robert); our collaborators within the HTE program (François Delhommeau at St Antoine, Thierry Jaffredo, and Delphine Salort at IBPS, Sorbonne Université, Paris; François Vallette at INSERM Nantes); Frédéric Thomas at CREEC, Montpellier; Hôpital Paul Brousse through ANR-IFlow and ANR-iLite; Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique (IBPC, Paris, Teresa Teixeira's team; Marie Doumic); the close experimental collaborations that emerged through the former associated team QUANTISS (Dirk Drasdo), particularly at the Leibniz Institute for Working Environment and Human Factors in Dortmund, Germany; Yves Dumont at CIRAD, Montpellier.
We focus mainly on the creation, investigation and transfer of new mathematical models, methods of analysis and control, and numerical algorithms, but in selected cases software development as that of CellSys and TiQuant by D. Drasdo and S. Hoehme is performed. More frequently, the team develops “proof of concept” numerical codes in order to test the adequacy of our models to experimental biology.
We have organized the presentation of our research program in three methodological axes (Subsections 3.2, 3.3 and 3.4) and two application axes (Subsections 4.2 and 4.3). Evolving along their own logic in close interaction with the methodological axes, the application axes are considered as application-driven research axes in themselves. The methodological research axes are the following.
Axis 1 is devoted to work in physiologically-based design, analysis and control of population dynamics. It encompasses populations of bacteria, of yeasts, of cancer cells, of neurons, of aggregating proteins, etc. whose dynamics are represented by partial differential equations (PDEs), structured in evolving physiological traits, such as age, size, size-increment, time elapsed since last firing (neurons).
Axis 2 is devoted to reaction equations and motion equations of agents in living systems. It aims at describing biological phenomena such as tumor growth, chemotaxis and wound healing.
Axis 3 tackles the question of model and parameter identification, combining stochastic and deterministic approaches and inverse problem methods in nonlocal and multi-scale models.