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Section: New Results

Voronoi diagram of orthogonal polyhedra in two and three dimensions

Voronoi diagrams are a fundamental geometric data structure for obtaining proximity relations. In [28], we consider collections of axis-aligned orthogonal polyhedra in two and three-dimensional space under the max-norm, which is a particularly useful scenario in certain application domains. We construct the exact Voronoi diagram inside an orthogonal polyhedron with holes defined by such polyhedra. Our approach avoids creating full-dimensional elements on the Voronoi diagram and yields a skeletal representation of the input object. We introduce a complete algorithm in 2D and 3D that follows the subdivision paradigm relying on a bounding-volume hierarchy; this is an original approach to the problem. The complexity is adaptive and comparable to that of previous methods. Under a mild assumption it is O(n/Δ) in 2D or O(n.α2/Δ2) in 3D, where n is the number of sites, namely edges or facets resp., Δ is the maximum cell size for the subdivision to stop, and α bounds vertex cardinality per facet. We also provide a numerically stable, open-source implementation in Julia, illustrating the practical nature of our algorithm.