Section: Partnerships and Cooperations

International Initiatives

INRIA International Partners

CAD is an INRIA/Tsinghua University team related to LIAMA (China).

Visits of International Scientists

Dr. Fredo Durand (MIT), Pr. J.D. Boissonnat (INRIA) and Pr. Ramanie (Purdue) visited our team this year.

Participation In International Programs

We attend an international program of National Natural Science Foundation of China from 2010 to 2013.

Floating Point continuity clearly is a pioneer effort to solving a well-known unsolved problem. Up to now, almost all geometric modeling tool kits are based on traditional mathematics. They ignore the fact that computers can only represent a finite set of real numbers and simply use the formula (a-ε<b) and (b<a+ε) to compare whether two real numbers a and b are equal to each other or not. In the way, it becomes a very hard problem how to choose the proper value , i.e., the precision is often out of control in geometric modeling tool kits although few documents report such the fact. This problem is very difficult. We also explore some formal methods and applied them to geometric algorithms. It seems to be an interesting research avenue. Finally, we also plan to study tolerances problem more carefully with CAD/CAM experts, because many of tolerances are not only directly related to the actual manufacturing process.

The central challenge with spline surfaces is to control their continuity when multiple patches join and to enable different types of sharpness. We are especially excited by a new result that addresses a central problem with spline modeling that has been open for five decades: the variation of continuity across a patch. This is needed, for example, when a crease forms in a smooth area. Because spline surfaces are modeled using a (mostly separable) tonsorial product of polynomial bases, it is hard to have a different level of continuity on two opposite edges of a patch. We proposed a particularly elegant solution to this challenge by smoothly varying the parametric location of the spline knots. This allows the curve to transition from a configuration where knots overlap (sharp C 1 discontinuity) to a configuration where they are distinct (fully continuous surface). We think that this work will have a large impact on CAD-CAM. Moreover, we speculate that our new geometric representation could be good candidates for better solving numerical simulation (PDEs) problems.