Section: Overall Objectives

Research Themes

The team develops constructive, function-theoretic approaches to inverse problems arising in modeling and design, in particular for electro-magnetic systems as well as in the analysis of certain classes of signals.

Data typically consist of measurements or desired behaviors. The general thread is to approximate them by families of solutions to the equations governing the underlying system. This leads us to consider various interpolation and approximation problems in classes of rational and meromorphic functions, harmonic gradients, or solutions to more general elliptic partial differential equations (PDE), in connection with inverse potential problems. A recurring difficulty is to control the singularities of the approximants.

The mathematical tools pertain to complex and harmonic analysis, approximation theory, potential theory, system theory, differential topology, optimization and computer algebra. Targeted applications include:

  • identification and synthesis of analog microwave devices (filters, amplifiers),

  • non-destructive control from field measurements in medical engineering (source recovery in magneto/electro-encephalography), paleomagnetism (determining the magnetization of rock samples), and nuclear engineering (plasma shaping in tokamaks).

In each case, the endeavor is to develop algorithms resulting in dedicated software.