Section: Application Domains
Dependability and safety
Our abilities in probability and statistics apply naturally to industry in particular in studies of dependability and safety.
An illustrative example which gathers all the topics of team is a collaboration started in May 2010 with Thales Optronique on the subject of optimization of the maintenance of a digital camera equipped with HUMS (Health Unit Monitoring Systems). This subject is very interesting for us because it combines many aspects of our project. Classification tools will be used to select significant variables as the first step in the modeling of a digital camera. The model will then be analysed and estimated in order to optimize the maintenance.
A second example concerns the optimization of the maintenance date for an aluminum metallic structure subject to corrosion. It is a structure of strategic ballistic missile that is stored in a nuclear submarine missile launcher in peace-time and inspected with a given periodicity. The requirement for security on this structure is very strong. The mechanical stress exerted on the structure depends on its thickness. It is thus crucial to control the evolution of the thickness of the structure over time, and to intervene before the break.
A third example is the minimization of the acoustic signature of a submarine. The submarine has to chose its trajectory in order to minimize at each time step its observability by a surface ship following an unknown random trajectory.
However the spectrum of applications of the topics of the team is larger and may concern many other fields. Indeed non parametric and semi-parametric regression methods can be used in biometry, econometrics or engineering for instance. Gene selection from microarray data and text categorization are two typical application domains of dimension reduction among others. We had for instance the opportunity via the scientific program PRIMEQUAL to work on air quality data and to use dimension reduction techniques as principal component analysis (PCA) or positive matrix factorization (PMF) for pollution sources identification and quantization.