Section: New Results
New results: quantum control
New results have been obtained for the control of the bilinear Schrödinger equation.
In  we study the so-called spin-boson system, namely a two-level system in interaction with a distinguished mode of a quantized bosonic field. We give a brief description of the controlled Rabi and Jaynes–Cummings models and we discuss their appearance in the mathematics and physics literature. We then study the controllability of the Rabi model when the control is an external field acting on the bosonic part. Applying geometric control techniques to the Galerkin approximation and using perturbation theory to guarantee non-resonance of the spectrum of the drift operator, we prove approximate controllability of the system, for almost every value of the interaction parameter.
The main result in  is the approximate controllability of a bilinear Schrödinger equation modeling a system of two ions trapped in a cavity. A new spectral decoupling technique is introduced, which allows to analyze the controllability of the infinite-dimensional system through finite-dimensional considerations. The controllability of a simplified version of the model has been obtained in  .
In  and  we study the controllability of a closed control-affine quantum system driven by two or more external fields. We provide a sufficient condition for controllability in terms of existence of conical intersections between eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian in dependence of the controls seen as parameters. Such spectral condition is structurally stable in the case of three controls or in the case of two controls when the Hamiltonian is real. The spectral condition appears naturally in the adiabatic control framework and yields approximate controllability in the infinite-dimensional case. In the finite-dimensional case it implies that the system is Lie-bracket generating when lifted to the group of unitary transformations, and in particular that it is exactly controllable. Hence, Lie algebraic conditions are deduced from purely spectral properties. We conclude the analysis by proving that approximate and exact controllability are equivalent properties for general finite-dimensional quantum systems.
In  , written with the members of the European project QUAINT, state-of-the-art quantum control techniques are reviewed and put into perspective by a consortium uniting expertise in optimal control theory and applications to spectroscopy, imaging, quantum dynamics of closed and open systems. Key challenges are addressed and a roadmap to future developments is sketched.