Section: New Results
Numerical schemes for kinetic equations in the diffusion and anomalous diffusion limits. Part I: the case of heavy-tailed equilibrium
In  , we propose some numerical schemes for linear kinetic equations in the diffusion and anomalous diffusion limit. When the equilibrium distribution function is a Maxwellian distribution, it is well known that for an appropriate time scale, the small mean free path limit gives rise to a diffusion type equation. However, when a heavy-tailed distribution is considered, another time scale is required and the small mean free path limit leads to a fractional anomalous diffusion equation. Our aim is to develop numerical schemes for the original kinetic model which works for the different regimes, without being restricted by stability conditions of standard explicit time integrators. First, we propose some numerical schemes for the diffusion asymptotics; then, their extension to the anomalous diffusion limit is studied. In this case, it is crucial to capture the effect of the large velocities of the heavy-tailed equilibrium, so that some important transformations of the schemes derived for the diffusion asymptotics are needed. As a result, we obtain numerical schemes which enjoy the Asymptotic Preserving property in the anomalous diffusion limit, that is: they do not suffer from the restriction on the time step and they degenerate towards the fractional diffusion limit when the mean free path goes to zero. We also numerically investigate the uniform accuracy and construct a class of numerical schemes satisfying this property. Finally, the efficiency of the different numerical schemes is shown through numerical experiments.