Section: Application Domains
Modeling of Multiperforated plates in turboreactors
In the turbo-engine, the temperature can reach 2000 K inside the combustion chamber. To protect its boundary, “fresh” air at 800 K is injected through thousands of perforations. The geometry of the network of perforations is chosen in order to optimize the cooling and the mechanical properties of the chamber. It has been experimentally observed that these perforations have a negative impact on the stability of the combustion. This is due to the interaction with an acoustic wave generated by the combustion. Due to the large number of holes (2000) and their small sizes (0.5 mm) with respect to the size of the combustion chamber (50 cm), it is not conceivable to rely on numerical computations (even with supercomputers) to predict the influence of these perforations.
In collaboration with ONERA, we develop new models which allow to take into account these multiperforated plates at the macroscopic scale.