Section: New Results
Characterizing the Codimension of Zero Singularities for Time-Delay Systems: A Link with Vandermonde and Birkhoff Incidence Matrices
Participants : Islam Boussaada, Silviu-Iulian Niculescu.
The analysis of time-delay systems mainly relies on detecting and understanding the spectral values bifurcations when crossing the imaginary axis. We have dealed with the zero singularity, essentially when the zero spectral value is multiple. The simplest case in such a configuration is characterized by an algebraic multiplicity two and a geometric multiplicity one, known as the Bogdanov-Takens singularity. Moreover, in some cases the codimension of the zero spectral value exceeds the number of the coupled scalar-differential equations. Nevertheless, to the best of the author's knowledge, the bounds of such a multiplicity have not been deeply investigated in the literature. It is worth mentioning that the knowledge of such an information is crucial for nonlinear analysis purposes since the dimension of the projected state on the center manifold is none other than the sum of the dimensions of the generalized eigenspaces associated with spectral values with zero real parts. Motivated by a control-oriented problems, we have provided an answer to this question for time-delay systems, taking into account the parameters' algebraic constraints that may occur in applications. We emphasize the link between such a problem and the incidence matrices associated with the Birkhoff interpolation problem. In this context, symbolic algorithms for LU-factorization for functional confluent Vandermonde as well as some classes of bivariate functional Birkhoff matrices are also proposed .