Section: Partnerships and Cooperations

European Initiatives

FP7 & H2020 Projects

  • Title: Energy oriented Centre of Excellence for computer applications

  • Programm: H2020

  • Duration: October 2015 - October 2018

  • Coordinator: CEA

  • Partners:

    • Barcelona Supercomputing Center - Centro Nacional de Supercomputacion (Spain)

    • Commissariat A L Energie Atomique et Aux Energies Alternatives (France)

    • Centre Europeen de Recherche et de Formation Avancee en Calcul Scientifique (France)

    • Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche (Italy)

    • The Cyprus Institute (Cyprus)

    • Agenzia Nazionale Per le Nuove Tecnologie, l'energia E Lo Sviluppo Economico Sostenibile (Italy)

    • Fraunhofer Gesellschaft Zur Forderung Der Angewandten Forschung Ev (Germany)

    • Instytut Chemii Bioorganicznej Polskiej Akademii Nauk (Poland)

    • Forschungszentrum Julich (Germany)

    • Max Planck Gesellschaft Zur Foerderung Der Wissenschaften E.V. (Germany)

    • University of Bath (United Kingdom)

    • Universite Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)

    • Universita Degli Studi di Trento (Italy)

  • Inria contact: Michel Kern

  • The aim of the present proposal is to establish an Energy Oriented Centre of Excellence for computing applications, (EoCoE). EoCoE (pronounce “Echo”) will use the prodigious potential offered by the ever-growing computing infrastructure to foster and accelerate the European transition to a reliable and low carbon energy supply. To achieve this goal, we believe that the present revolution in hardware technology calls for a similar paradigm change in the way application codes are designed. EoCoE will assist the energy transition via targeted support to four renewable energy pillars: Meteo, Materials, Water and Fusion, each with a heavy reliance on numerical modelling. These four pillars will be anchored within a strong transversal multidisciplinary basis providing high-end expertise in applied mathematics and HPC. EoCoE is structured around a central Franco-German hub coordinating a pan-European network, gathering a total of 8 countries and 23 teams. Its partners are strongly engaged in both the HPC and energy fields; a prerequisite for the long-term sustainability of EoCoE and also ensuring that it is deeply integrated in the overall European strategy for HPC. The primary goal of EoCoE is to create a new, long lasting and sustainable community around computational energy science. At the same time, EoCoE is committed to deliver high-impact results within the first three years. It will resolve current bottlenecks in application codes, leading to new modelling capabilities and scientific advances among the four user communities; it will develop cutting-edge mathematical and numerical methods, and tools to foster the usage of Exascale computing. Dedicated services for laboratories and industries will be established to leverage this expertise and to foster an ecosystem around HPC for energy. EoCoE will give birth to new collaborations and working methods and will encourage widely spread best practices.

  • Title: HPC for Energy

  • Programm: H2020

  • Duration: December 2015 - November 2017

  • Coordinator: Barcelona Supercomputing Center

  • Partners:

    • Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales Y Tecnologicas-Ciemat (Spain)

    • Iberdrola Renovables Energia (Spain)

    • Repsol (Spain)

    • Total S.A. (France)

    • Lancaster University (United Kingdom)

  • Inria contact: Stéphane Lanteri

  • This project aims to apply the new exascale HPC techniques to energy industry simulations, customizing them, and going beyond the state-of-the-art in the required HPC exascale simulations for different energy sources: wind energy production and design, efficient combustion systems for biomass-derived fuels (biogas), and exploration geophysics for hydrocarbon reservoirs. For wind energy industry HPC is a must. The competitiveness of wind farms can be guaranteed only with accurate wind resource assessment, farm design and short-term micro-scale wind simulations to forecast the daily power production. The use of CFD LES models to analyse atmospheric flow in a wind farm capturing turbine wakes and array effects requires exascale HPC systems. Biogas, i.e. biomass-derived fuels by anaerobic digestion of organic wastes, is attractive because of its wide availability, renewability and reduction of CO2 emissions, contribution to diversification of energy supply, rural development, and it does not compete with feed and food feedstock. However, its use in practical systems is still limited since the complex fuel composition might lead to unpredictable combustion performance and instabilities in industrial combustors. The next generation of exascale HPC systems will be able to run combustion simulations in parameter regimes relevant to industrial applications using alternative fuels, which is required to design efficient furnaces, engines, clean burning vehicles and power plants. One of the main HPC consumers is the oil & gas (O&G) industry. The computational requirements arising from full wave-form modelling and inversion of seismic and electromagnetic data is ensuring that the O&G industry will be an early adopter of exascale computing technologies. By taking into account the complete physics of waves in the subsurface, imaging tools are able to reveal information about the Earth’s interior with unprecedented quality.

  • Title: EXascale Algorithms and Advanced Computational Techniques

  • Programm: FP7

  • Duration: September 2013 - August 2016

  • Coordinator: IMEC

  • Partners:

    • Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Zur Foerderung Der Angewandten Forschung E.V (Germany)

    • Interuniversitair Micro-Electronica Centrum Vzw (Belgium)

    • Intel Corporations (France)

    • Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd (United Kingdom)

    • T-Systems Solutions for Research (Germany)

    • Universiteit Antwerpen (Belgium)

    • Universita della Svizzera italiana (Switzerland)

    • Universite de Versaillesint-Quentin-En-Yvelines. (France)

    • Vysoka Skola Banska - Technicka Univerzita Ostrava (Czech Republic)

  • Inria contact: Luc Giraud

  • Numerical simulation is a crucial part of science and industry in Europe. The advancement of simulation as a discipline relies on increasingly compute intensive models that require more computational resources to run. This is the driver for the evolution to exascale. Due to limits in the increase in single processor performance, exascale machines will rely on massive parallelism on and off chip, with a complex hierarchy of resources. The large number of components and the machine complexity introduce severe problems for reliability and programmability. The former of these will require novel fault-aware algorithms and support software. In addition, the scale of the numerical models exacerbates the difficulties by making the use of more complex simulation algorithms necessary, for numerical stability reasons. A key example of this is increased reliance on solvers. Such solvers require global communication, which impacts scalability, and are often used with preconditioners, increasing complexity again. Unless there is a major rethink of the design of solver algorithms, their components and software structure, a large class of important numerical simulations will not scale beyond petascale. This in turn will hold back the development of European science and industry which will fail to reap the benefits from exascale. The EXA2CT project brings together experts at the cutting edge of the development of solvers, related algorithmic techniques, and HPC software architects for programming models and communication. It will take a revolutionary approach to exascale solvers and programming models, rather than the incremental approach of other projects. We will produce modular open source proto-applications that demonstrate the algorithms and programming techniques developed in the project, to help boot-strap the creation of genuine exascale codes.