Section: New Results
Multiscale modeling for environmental issues
Participants : Mathieu Dartevelle, Carole Delenne, Vincent Guinot, Antoine Rousseau.
Upscaled modeling of a coastal lagoon in Camargue
In 2015, Sélim Cornet developed a numerical model for the hydrodynamics of Vaccares system in Camargue. The data and reference simulations (made with TELEMAC-2D) were provided by Tour du Valat (contact O. Boutron). Sélim's work consisted in the implementation and validation of the porosity shallow water model developped by Vincent GUINOT , in order to obtain accurate but inexpensive simulations of the Vaccares hydrosystem. In 2016, we identified inconsistencies in the porosity closure model. These modeling issues have been analysed and a new theoretical approach, including new energy principles in the derivation of the porosity model, are under investigation.
Feedback strategies for decontamination of water resources
In  we show how to couple systems of ODEs and PDEs to provide efficient feedback strategies for the biological decontamination of water resources. For natural resources, we impose not to introduce any bacteria in the resource and to treat it aside preserving a constant volume of the resource at any time. The feedback strategies are derived from the minimal time synthesis of the system of ODEs.
Dispersion in porous media
Solute dispersion in porous media is usually modelled using Fick's law or fractional variations of the solute dispersion equation. The Fickian model, however, is known to exhibit a number of drawbacks, such as poor scaling properties. This is also true for its fractional counterparts, that perform with limited success when compared to experimental data sets. In , a high-quality experimental device is built in the form of periodic heterogeneities (Model Heterogeneous Porous Medium) of length 15 cm. Placing up to 10 MHPM in series allows the scaling properties of the dispersion model to be analyzed. Besides providing a high quality experimental database, the results in  indicate that (i) previously identified scaling trends for the dispersion coefficient may easily be explained by experiment variability, (ii) there exists a linear transport model that allows the experimental behaviour to be reproduced at all scales, (iii) this model is not the advection-dispersion model (even fractional). More experiments have been performed this year with a different connexion between each MHPM. More experiments have been performed this year with a different connexion between each MHPM. The benchmarking of various numerical models is currently under process; it includes classical models such as Advection-Diffusion, Mobile-Immobile, Multi Rate … as well as a proposed Purely Advective Multi Region model.
Modeling and identification for environmental applications
In collaboration with Mohsen Chebbi (ENIT, Tunis) and Salwa Toumi (ENIT, Tunis), we propose stochastic models of anaerobic membrane bioreactors . These biotechnology processes are usually described as differential equations valid at large population scale. We propose model at different scales. At the microscopic scale, we consider a pure jump stochastic model that can be exactly simulated. However, when the size of the population is large that type of exact simulation is not feasible, hence we propose approximated simulation methods in discrete time, of the Poisson type or of the diffusive type. We establish the law of large numbers and the central limit theorem of the functional type.
We also consider different problems of simultaneous filtering and parameter estimation for hidden Markov models: in collaboration with Samuel Nyobe Som (University of Yaoundé 1) we study natural ressources examples; in collaboration with Oussama Hadj-Abdelkader (University of Tlemcen) we study applications in biotechnology. In both cases the fact that the frequency of data acquisition is slow enough to improve classical techniques.