Section: Research Program
Wave propagation in complex media
Our objective is first to develop efficient numerical approaches for the propagation of waves in heterogeneous media, taking into account their complex microstructure.
We aim on one hand to improve homogenized modeling of periodic media, by deriving enriched boundary conditions (or transmission conditions if the periodic structure is embedded in a homogeneous matrix) which take into account the boundary layer phenomena. On the other hand, we like to develop multi-scale numerical methods when the assumption of periodicity on the spatial distribution of the heterogeneities is relaxed, or even completely lost. The general idea consists in a coupling between a macroscopic solver, based on a coarse mesh, with some microscopic representation of the field. This latter can be obtained by a numerical microscopic solver or by an analytical asymptotic expansion. This leads to two very different approaches which may be relevant for very different applications.
Extraordinary phenomena regarding the propagation of electromagnetic or acoustic waves appear in materials which have non classical properties: materials with a complex periodic microstructure that behave as materials with negative physical parameters, metals with a negative dielectric permittivity at optical frequencies, magnetized plasmas endowed with a strongly anisotropic and sign-indefinite permittivity tensor. These non classical materials raise original questions from theoretical and numerical points of view.
The objective is to study the well-posedness in this unusual context where physical parameters are sign-changing. New functional frameworks must be introduced, due, for instance, to hypersingularities of the electromagnetic field which appear at corners of metamaterials. This has of course numerical counterparts. In particular, classical Perfectly Matched Layers are unstable in these dispersive media, and new approaches must be developed.