Section: Application Domains
Geometric Tools for Simulating Physics with a Computer
Numerical simulation is the main targeted application domain for the geometry processing tools that we develop. Our mesh generation tools are tested and evaluated within the context of our cooperation with the Gocad consortium, with applications in oil exploration and geomechanics, through co-advised Ph.D. theses (Arnaud Botella, Julien Renaudeau). We think that the hex-dominant meshes that we generate have geometrical properties that make them suitable for some finite element analyses. We work on evaluating and measuring their impact with simple problems (heat equation, linear elasticity) and then practical applications (unfolding geological layer), with the Ph.D. thesis of Maxence Reberol. In numerical simulation, developing discrete formulations that satisfy the conservation laws (conservation of mass, conservation of energy, conservation of momentum) is important to ensure that the numerical simulation faithfully reflects the behavior of the physics. There are interesting relations with optimal transport theory, as explained by Benamou and Brenier who developed a numerical algorithm for optimal transport that uses a fluid dynamics formulation. Conversely, some dynamics can be approximated by a series of optimal transport problems, as in the Jordan-Kinderlehrer-Otto scheme and in recent works by Mérigot. We started developing efficient geometric algorithms and optimisation methods that may serve as the basis for implementing these numerical methods in 3D. We started discussions / cooperation projects with Quentin Mérigot (MOKAPLAN project).