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  • The Inria's Research Teams produce an annual Activity Report presenting their activities and their results of the year. These reports include the team members, the scientific program, the software developed by the team and the new results of the year. The report also describes the grants, contracts and the activities of dissemination and teaching. Finally, the report gives the list of publications of the year.

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Section: Partnerships and Cooperations

National Initiatives

ANR VISCAP

  • Title:

  • Type: ANR

  • Duration: 48 months

  • Starting date : 1st Jan 2018

  • Coordinator: Vignoles Gerard (Université de Bordeaux and LCTS - UMR 5801)

  • Abstract: Self-healing Ceramic-Matrix Composites (SH-CMCs) have extremely long lifetimes even under severe thermal, mechanical and chemical solicitations. They are made of ceramic fibres embedded in a brittle ceramic matrix subject to multi-cracking, yielding a ?damageable-elastic? mechanical behaviour. The crack network resulting from local damage opens a path to fibre degradation by corrosion and ultimately to failure of the composite, e.g. under static fatigue in high-temperature oxidative conditions. But these materials have the particularity of protecting themselves against corrosion by the formation of a sealing oxide that fills the matrix cracks, delaying considerably the fibres degradation. Applications encompass civil aeronautic propulsion engine hot parts and they represent a considerable market; however this is only possible if the lifetime duration of the materials is fully certified. Numerical modelling is an essential tool for such an aim, and very few mathematical models exist for these materials; fulfilling the needs requires a strong academic-level effort before considering industrial valorisation. Therefore, the ambition of this innovative project is to provide reliable, experimentally validated numerical models able to reproduce the behaviour of SH-CMCs. The starting point is an existing image-based coupled model of progressive oxidative degradation under tensile stress of a mini-composite (i.e. a unidirectional bundle of fibres embedded in multi-layered matrix). Important improvements will be brought to this model in order to better describe several physic-chemical phenomena leading to a non-linear behaviour: this will require an important effort in mathematical analysis and numerical model building. A systematic benchmarking will allow creating a large database suited for the statistical analysis of the impact of material and environmental parameter variations on lifetime. Experimental verifications of this model with respect to tests carried out on model materials using in-situ X-ray tomography ? in a specially adapted high-temperature environmental & mechanical testing cell ? and other characterizations are proposed. The extension of the modelling procedure to Discrete Crack Networks for the large-scale description of the material life will be the next action; it will require important developments on mesh manipulations and on mathematical model analysis. Finally, experimental validation will be carried out by comparing the results of the newly created software to tests run on 3D composite material samples provided by the industrial partner of the project. The project originality lies in a multidisciplinary character, mixing competences in physico-chemistry, mechanics, numerical and mathematical modelling, software engineering and high-performance computing. It aims creating a true computational platform describing the multi-scale, multidimensional and multi-physics character of the phenomena that determine the material lifetime. Important outcomes in the domain of civil aircraft jet propulsion are expected, that could relate to other materials than those considered in this study.

FUI ICARUS

  • Title: Intensive Calculation for AeRo and automotive engines Unsteady Simulations.

  • Type: FUI

  • Duration: January 2017 - December 2019

  • Coordinator: Turbomeca, Safran group

  • Abstract: Large Eddy Simulation is an accurate simulation tool for turbulent flows which is becoming more and more attractive as the parallel computing techniques and platforms become more and more efficient. This project aims at improving the performances of some existing simulation tools (such as AVBP, Yales and ARGO), at developing meshing/re-meshing tools tailored to LES simulations, at improving the ergonomy of these tools to the industrial world (improved interfaces, data handling, code coupling, etc), and validate the progress made on case studies representative of typical design simulations in the automotive and aeronautic industry

subsectionFUI ICARUS

  • Title: Intensive Calculation for AeRo and automotive engines Unsteady Simulations.

  • Type: FUI

  • Duration: January 2017 - December 2019

  • Coordinator: Turbomeca, Safran group

APP University of Bordeaux

  • Title : Modélisation d'un système de dégivrage thermique

  • Type : Project University of Bordeaux

  • Duration : 36 months

  • Starting : October 2016

  • Coordinator : H. Beaugendre and M. Colin

  • Abstract : From the beginning of aeronautics, icing has been classified as a serious issue : ice accretion on airplanes is due to the presence of supercooled droplets inside clouds and can lead to major risks such as aircrash for example. As a consequence, each airplane has its own protection system : the most important one is an anti-icing system which runs permanently. In order to reduce gas consumption, de-icing systems are developed by manufacturers. One alternative to real experiment consists in developing robust and reliable numerical models : this is the aim of this project. These new models have to take into account multi-physics and multi-scale environnement : phase change, thermal transfer, aerodynamics flows, etc. We aim to use thin films equations coupled to level-set methods in order to describe the phase change of water. The overall objective is to provide a simulation plateform, able to provide a complete design of these systems.