Section: Partnerships and Cooperations

National Initiatives


Project title: Singular Curves and Surfaces Topology

Duration: March 2014 – August 2018

Coordinators: Guillaume Moroz 60%, and Marc Pouget 40%

Abstract: The objective of the young-researcher ANR grant SingCAST was to intertwine further symbolic/numeric approaches to compute efficiently solution sets of polynomial systems with topological and geometrical guarantees in singular cases. We focused on two applications: the visualization of algebraic curves and surfaces and the mechanical design of robots. We developed dedicated symbolic-numerical methods that take advantage of the structure of the associated polynomial systems that cannot be handled by purely symbolic or numerical methods.

The project had a total budget of 100k€. Project website: https://project.inria.fr/singcast/.


Project title: Structures on Surfaces

Duration: 4 years

Starting Date: April 1st, 2018

Coordinator: Monique Teillaud


  • Gamble project-team, Inria.

  • LIGM (Laboratoire d'Informatique Gaspard Monge), Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée. Local Coordinator: Éric Colin de Verdière.

  • RMATH (Mathematics Research Unit), University of Luxembourg. National Coordinator: Hugo Parlier

SoS is co-funded by ANR (ANR-17-CE40-0033) and FNR (INTER/ANR/16/11554412/SoS) as a PRCI (Projet de Recherche Collaborative Internationale).

The central theme of this project is the study of geometric and combinatorial structures related to surfaces and their moduli. Even though they work on common themes, there is a real gap between communities working in geometric topology and computational geometry and SoS aims to create a long lasting bridge between them. Beyond a common interest, techniques from both ends are relevant and the potential gain in perspective from long-term collaborations is truly thrilling.

In particular, SoS aims to extend the scope of computational geometry, a field at the interface between mathematics and computer science that develops algorithms for geometric problems, to a variety of unexplored contexts. During the last two decades, research in computational geometry has gained wide impact through CGAL, the Computational Geometry Algorithms Library. In parallel, the needs for non-Euclidean geometries are arising, e.g., in geometric modeling, neuromathematics, or physics. Our goal is to develop computational geometry for some of these non-Euclidean spaces and make these developments readily available for users in academy and industry.

To reach this aim, SoS will follow an interdisciplinary approach, gathering researchers whose expertise cover a large range of mathematics, algorithms and software. A mathematical study of the objects considered will be performed, together with the design of algorithms when applicable. Algorithms will be analyzed both in theory and in practice after prototype implementations, which will be improved whenever it makes sense to target longer-term integration into CGAL.

Our main objects of study will be Delaunay triangulations and circle patterns on surfaces, polyhedral geometry, and systems of disjoint curves and graphs on surfaces.

Project website: https://members.loria.fr/Monique.Teillaud/collab/SoS/.

ANR Aspag

Project title: Analyse et Simulation Probabilistes d'Algorithmes Géométriques

Duration: 4 years

Starting date: January 1st, 2018

Coordinator: Olivier Devillers


  • Gamble project-team, Inria.

  • Labri (Laboratoire Bordelais de Recherche en Informatique), Université de Bordeaux. Local Coordinator: Philippe Duchon.

  • Laboratoire de Mathématiques Raphaël Salem, Université de Rouen. Local Coordinator: Pierre Calka.

  • LAMA (Laboratoire d'Analyse et de Mathématiques Appliquées), Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée. Local Coordinator: Matthieu Fradelizi

Abstract: ASPAG projet is funded by ANR undered number ANR-17-CE40-0017 .

The analysis and processing of geometric data has become routine in a variety of human activities ranging from computer-aided design in manufacturing to the tracking of animal trajectories in ecology or geographic information systems in GPS navigation devices. Geometric algorithms and probabilistic geometric models are crucial to the treatment of all this geometric data, yet the current available knowledge is in various ways much too limited: many models are far from matching real data, and the analyses are not always relevant in practical contexts. One of the reasons for this state of affairs is that the breadth of expertise required is spread among different scientific communities (computational geometry, analysis of algorithms and stochastic geometry) that historically had very little interaction. The Aspag project brings together experts of these communities to address the problem of geometric data. We will more specifically work on the following three interdependent directions.

(1) Dependent point sets: One of the main issues of most models is the core assumption that the data points are independent and follow the same underlying distribution. Although this may be relevant in some contexts, the independence assumption is too strong for many applications.

(2) Simulation of geometric structures: The phenomena studied in (1) involve intricate random geometric structures subject to new models or constraints. A natural first step would be to build up our understanding and identify plausible conjectures through simulation. Perhaps surprisingly, the tools for an effective simulation of such complex geometric systems still need to be developed.

(3) Understanding geometric algorithms: the analysis of algorithm is an essential step in assessing the strengths and weaknesses of algorithmic principles, and is crucial to guide the choices made when designing a complex data processing pipeline. Any analysis must strike a balance between realism and tractability; the current analyses of many geometric algorithms are notoriously unrealistic. Aside from the purely scientific objectives, one of the main goals of Aspag is to bring the communities closer in the long term. As a consequence, the funding of the project is crucial to ensure that the members of the consortium will be able to interact on a very regular basis, a necessary condition for significant progress on the above challenges.

Project website: https://members.loria.fr/Olivier.Devillers/aspag/.

PHC Embeds II

Embeds is a bilateral, two-year project funded by the PHC Barrande program. It is joint between various french locations (Paris Est, Grenoble and, since september 2018, Nancy) and Charles University (Prague). The PI are Xavier Goaoc and Martin Tancer. It started in 2015 for two years, and was renewed in 2017 for two more years (5kE/year on the french side to support travels).

Starting Date: January 1st, 2017.

Duration: 2 years.

Institut Universitaire de France

Xavier Goaoc was appointed junior member of the Institut Universitaire de France, a grant supporting a reduction in teaching duties and funding.

Starting Date: October 1st, 2014.

Duration: 5 years.