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Section: Application Domains

Co-design for scalable numerical algorithms in scientific applications

Participants : Emmanuel Agullo, Nicolas Bouzat, Mathieu Faverge, Luc Giraud, Matthieu Kuhn, Gilles Marait, Louis Poirel, Pierre Ramet, Jean Roman.

High performance simulation for ITER tokamak

Scientific simulation for ITER tokamak modeling provides a natural bridge between theory and experimentation and is also an essential tool for understanding and predicting plasma behavior. Recent progresses in numerical simulation of fine-scale turbulence and in large-scale dynamics of magnetically confined plasma have been enabled by access to petascale supercomputers. These progresses would have been unreachable without new computational methods and adapted reduced models. In particular, the plasma science community has developed codes for which computer runtime scales quite well with the number of processors up to thousands cores. The research activities of HiePACS concerning the international ITER challenge were involved in the Inria Project Lab C2S@Exa in collaboration with CEA-IRFM and are related to two complementary studies: a first one concerning the turbulence of plasma particles inside a tokamak (in the context of GYSELA code) and a second one concerning the MHD instability edge localized modes (in the context of JOREK code).

Currently, GYSELA is parallelized in an hybrid MPI+OpenMP way and can exploit the power of the current greatest supercomputers. To simulate faithfully the plasma physic, GYSELA handles a huge amount of data and today, the memory consumption is a bottleneck on very large simulations. In this context, mastering the memory consumption of the code becomes critical to consolidate its scalability and to enable the implementation of new numerical and physical features to fully benefit from the extreme scale architectures.

Other numerical simulation tools designed for the ITER challenge aim at making a significant progress in understanding active control methods of plasma edge MHD instability Edge Localized Modes (ELMs) which represent a particular danger with respect to heat and particle loads for Plasma Facing Components (PFC) in the tokamak. The goal is to improve the understanding of the related physics and to propose possible new strategies to improve effectiveness of ELM control techniques. The simulation tool used (JOREK code) is related to non linear MHD modeling and is based on a fully implicit time evolution scheme that leads to 3D large very badly conditioned sparse linear systems to be solved at every time step. In this context, the use of PaStiX library to solve efficiently these large sparse problems by a direct method is a challenging issue.

Numerical and parallel scalable hybrid solvers in large scale calculations

Parallel and numerically scalable hybrid solvers based on a fully algebraic coarse space correction have been theoretically studied and various advanced parallel implementations have been designed. Their parallel scalability has been investigated on large scale problems within the EoCoE project thanks to a close collaboration with the BSC and the integration of MaPHyS within the Alya software. The performance has also been assessed on PRACE Tier-0 machine within a PRACE Project Access through a collaboration with CERFACS and Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas at École Polytechnique for the calculation of plasma propulsion.