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Section: New Results

Design of Experiments

A large amount of resources is spent writing, porting, and optimizing scientific and industrial High Performance Computing applications, which makes autotuning techniques fundamental to lower the cost of leveraging the improvements on execution time and power consumption provided by the latest software and hardware platforms. Despite the need for economy, most autotuning techniques still require a large budget of costly experimental measurements to provide good results, while rarely providing exploitable knowledge after optimization. In [40], we present a user-transparent (white-box) autotuning technique based on Design of Experiments that operates under tight budget constraints by significantly reducing the measurements needed to find good optimizations. Our approach enables users to make informed decisions on which optimizations to pursue and when to stop. We present an experimental evaluation of our approach and show it is capable of leveraging user decisions to find the best global configuration of a GPU Laplacian kernel using half of the measurement budget used by other common autotuning techniques. We show that our approach is also capable of finding speedups of up to 50×, compared to gcc's-O3, for some kernels from the SPAPT benchmark suite, using up to 10× less measurements than random sampling.