Section: Partnerships and Cooperations

European Initiatives

FP7 & H2020 Projects


Participants : Pascal Bruel, Rémi Manceau, Franck Mastrippolito.

  • Topic: MG-1.2-2015 - Enhancing resource efficiency of aviation

  • Project acronym: SOPRANO

  • Project title: Soot Processes and Radiation in Aeronautical inNOvative combustors

  • Duration: 01/09/2016 - 31/08/2020

  • Coordinator: SAFRAN

  • Other partners:

    • France: CNRS, CERFACS, INSA Rouen, SAFRAN SA, Snecma SAS, Turbomeca SA.

    • Germany: DLR, GE-DE Gmbh, KIT, MTU, RRD,

    • Italy: GE AVIO SRL, University of Florence

    • United Kingdom: Rolls Royce PLC, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medecine, Loughborough University.

  • Abstract: For decades, most of the aviation research activities have been focused on the reduction of noise and NOx and CO2 emissions. However, emissions from aircraft gas turbine engines of non-volatile PM, consisting primarily of soot particles, are of international concern today. Despite the lack of knowledge toward soot formation processes and characterization in terms of mass and size, engine manufacturers have now to deal with both gas and particles emissions. Furthermore, heat transfer understanding, that is also influenced by soot radiation, is an important matter for the improvement of the combustor’s durability, as the key point when dealing with low-emissions combustor architectures is to adjust the air flow split between the injection system and the combustor’s walls. The SOPRANO initiative consequently aims at providing new elements of knowledge, analysis and improved design tools, opening the way to: • Alternative designs of combustion systems for future aircrafts that will enter into service after 2025 capable of simultaneously reducing gaseous pollutants and particles, • Improved liner lifetime assessment methods. Therefore, the SOPRANO project will deliver more accurate experimental and numerical methodologies for predicting the soot emissions in academic or semi-technical combustion systems. This will contribute to enhance the comprehension of soot particles formation and their impact on heat transfer through radiation. In parallel, the durability of cooling liner materials, related to the walls air flow rate, will be addressed by heat transfer measurements and predictions. Finally, the expected contribution of SOPRANO is to apply these developments in order to determine the main promising concepts, in the framework of current low-NOx technologies, able to control the emitted soot particles in terms of mass and size over a large range of operating conditions without compromising combustor’s liner durability and performance toward NOx emissions.

  • In the SOPRANO project, our objective is to complement the experimental (ONERA) and LES (CERFACS) work by RANS computations of the flow around a multiperforated plate, in order to build a database making possible a parametric study of mass, momentum and heat transfer through the plate and the development of multi-parameter-dependent equivalent boundary conditions. Franck Mastrippolito, the post-doc recruited by mid-january 2019, performed simulations aimed at reproducing the experiment of ONERA Toulouse carried out in the same workpackage. The configuration is that of an effusion plate with a gyration angle of 90 degrees and the turbulence model is EBRSM. Franck presented his results in October 2019 during the ITR meeting in Florence (Italy).

    Figure 2. Simulation of the ONERA SOPRANO configuration: example of experimental (top) vs numerical (bottom) results concerning the mean velocity field.