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OPIS - 2019

Overall Objectives
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry

Section: New Results

A Perturb and Combine Approach to Analyze Real-World Graphs

Participants: Fragkiskos Malliaros (Collaboration: Antoine J.-P. Tixier, Maria Evgenia G. Rossi, Jesse Read, Michalis Vazirgiannis, École Polytechnique)

Influential spreaders are nodes that can diffuse information to the largest part of the network in a minimum amount of time. Detecting influential spreaders is an important task with numerous real-world applications. Nevertheless, some of the most effective influential spreader detection algorithms (e.g., the k-core decomposition) are unstable to small perturbations of the network structure. Inspired by bagging in Machine Learning, we have proposed the first Perturb and Combine (P&C) procedure for networks [51]. It (1) creates many perturbed versions of a given graph, (2) applies a node scoring function separately to each graph, and (3) combines the results. Experiments conducted on real-world networks of various sizes with the k-core, generalized k-core, and PageRank algorithms reveal that P&C brings substantial improvements. Moreover, this performance boost can be obtained at almost no extra cost through parallelization. Finally, a bias-variance analysis suggests that P&C works mainly by reducing bias, and that therefore, it should be capable of improving the performance of all vertex scoring functions, including stable ones.