Section: New Results
A Perturb and Combine Approach to Analyze Real-World Graphs
Participants: Fragkiskos Malliaros (Collaboration: Antoine J.-P. Tixier, Maria Evgenia G. Rossi, Jesse Read, Michalis Vazirgiannis, École Polytechnique)
Influential spreaders are nodes that can diffuse information to the largest part of the network in a minimum amount of time. Detecting influential spreaders is an important task with numerous real-world applications. Nevertheless, some of the most effective influential spreader detection algorithms (e.g., the -core decomposition) are unstable to small perturbations of the network structure. Inspired by bagging in Machine Learning, we have proposed the first Perturb and Combine (P&C) procedure for networks . It (1) creates many perturbed versions of a given graph, (2) applies a node scoring function separately to each graph, and (3) combines the results. Experiments conducted on real-world networks of various sizes with the -core, generalized -core, and PageRank algorithms reveal that P&C brings substantial improvements. Moreover, this performance boost can be obtained at almost no extra cost through parallelization. Finally, a bias-variance analysis suggests that P&C works mainly by reducing bias, and that therefore, it should be capable of improving the performance of all vertex scoring functions, including stable ones.