Section: Partnerships and Cooperations
LabEx Persyval, Project RHUM, Robots in Human Environments
Participants : Thierry Fraichard, Patrick Reignier.
Partners: GIPSA, Inria, LIG, LJK and TIMC.
Dates:[Sep. 15-Dec. 19].
The RHUM project from the LabEx Persyval (ANR-11-LABX-0025-01) brings together ten teams from different labs from the Grenoble academic scene: GIPSA, Inria, LIG, LJK and TIMC. Its goal is to tackle scientific problems related to active perception, navigation in human environments, learning and adaptation of robots behaviors for social interaction. PERVASIVE contributes to the navigation in human environments aspects.
Participants : Patrick Reignier, Amr Al-Zouhri Al-Yafi, Amine Awada.
Projet Région Pack Ambition Recherche EXPESIGNO : Expérimentation de la réactivité des ménages aux signaux des opérateurs de systèmes énergétiques
Other Partners : Laboratoire Gaël, Laboratoire G2ELAb, laboratoire G-Scop
Dates : 2018 - 2022
Buildings represent 66% of electricity consumption and they can act as nodes in a network of consumption, storage and energy production. In this case, it can be understood that buildings and their inhabitants will change from a passive consumer to an active consumer (the so called “pro-sumer”) who can respond quickly to price changes on the network and / or signals from operators, or even other pro-sumers offering energy production and storage solutions using solar panels or electric cars. To achieve this goal, energy systems must send consumers the right signal to induce appropriate local and global behavior. The introduction of equipment such as Smart Meters or interactive consumption management devices is decisive because they are considered as the solution to turn residential consumers into active users of their electricity or energy consumption. Nudges are an interesting way to induce lasting changes in consumer behavior. The idea of nudges is to set up environments of choice that help people make the choices that are best for them. During this project, we are going to deploy sensors within 4 volunteer families in order to study the impact of nudges on electricity consumption through a detailed analysis of the practices carried out. The objective is to establish the links between the sensor data and the activities declared by each household and to measure how nudges influence their activities.
ANR Project CEEGE: Chess Expertise from Eye Gaze and Emotion
Participants : Thomas Guntz, James Crowley, Dominique Vaufreydaz, Raffaella Balzarini.
Other Partners : Dept of NeuroCognition, CITEN, Bielefeld University
Dates : Jan 2016 to Dec 2019
The ANR CEEGE project is a multidisciplinary scientific research project conducted by the Inria PRIMA team in cooperation with the Dept of Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of Bielefeld. The primary impacts will be improved scientific understanding in the disciplines of Computer Science and Cognitive NeuroScience. The aim of this project is to experimentally evaluate and compare current theories for mental modelling for problem solving and attention, as well as to refine and evaluate techniques for observing the physiological reactions of humans to situation that inspire pleasure, displeasure, arousal, dominance and fear.
In this project, we have observed the visual attention, physiological responses and mental states of subject with different levels of expertise solving classic chess problems, and participating in chess matches. We observe chess players using eye-tracking, sustained and instantaneous face-expressions (micro-expressions), skin conductivity, blood flow (BVP), respiration, posture and other information extracted from audio-visual recordings and sensor readings of players. We use the recorded information to estimate the mental constructs with which the players understand the game situation. Information from visual attention as well as physiological reactions has been used to determine and model the degree to which a player understands the game situation in terms of abstract configurations of chess pieces. This provides a structured environment that use for experimental evaluation of current theories of mental modeling and emotional response during problem solving and social interaction.
The project have been organized in two phases. During the first phase, we will observed individual players of different levels of chess expertise solving known chess problems. We correlated scan-path from eye tracking and other information about visual attention to established configurations of pieces and known solutions to chess problems. We constructed a labeled corpus of chess play that can be used to evaluate competing techniques for estimating mental models and physiological responses. In a second phase, we have observed the attention and face expressions of pairs of players of different levels of chess ability solving problems followed by verbal self reports. We have used these recordings to evaluate the effectiveness of competing techniques for mental modeling and observation of emotions in terms of their abilities to predict the chess abilities of players, game outcomes and individual moves and player self reports.
CDP EcoSesa - Cross Disciplinary Project of the ComUE UGA
Participants : Patrick Reignier, James Crowley, Raffaella Balzarini, Amr Al-Zouhri Al-Yafi.
Funding : UGA Idex Cross disciplinary project
Dates : Jan 2017 to Dec 2020
Cities and their energy systems are undergoing profound transformations. Electric Power networks are being transformed from centralized, high capacity, generating plants, dimensioned to meet peak loads to decentralized, local, production based on intermittent renewable sources. This transformation is made possible by integration of information and energy technologies, new energy materials and components, and the rapid spread of pervasive computing. The result is a change in the socio-economics of energy distribution, and a change in the role of users from passive consumers to active participants in a dynamically fluctuating energy market. Many cities worldwide have initiated research projects and experiments to accelerate the spread of clean technologies. However, these initiatives generally focus on a specific issue that depends on the priorities and preferences of the local decision makers and stakeholders. At the same time, academic research has generally been confined to specialized silos in energy materials and management systems, in Social Sciences as well as in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), resulting in piecemeal knowledge.
The vision of Eco-SESA is to address the problems resulting from the transition to clean decentralized energy production based on renewable sources with a holistic integrated humansystem approach. The project will address the development of Safe, Efficient, Sustainable and Accessible energy systems, from the individual end-user to dynamic communities of stakeholders at the district and grid levels.
Pervasive is involved in two research front of the project :
Participant : Dominique Vaufreydaz.
Partners: Inria (Pervasive and Chroma teams for Inria Rhône-Alpes, RITS in Paris), Ircyyn (Nantes), AKKA (Paris)
The ANR VALET project investigates two aspects of car sharing. In the first one, a novel approach for solving vehicle redistribution problem is proposed by managing an autonomous platoons guided by professional drivers. The second aspect concerns autonomous parking of shared cars when they arrived at their destination parking lot. In this project, our researches address the prediction of pedestrians’ behaviors during urban fleet movements and during parking phases. The PhD student (Pavan Vashista) recruited in this project focus on integrating models of human behaviors to evaluate the risk that surrounding pedestrians encounter the trajectory of the VALET vehicles. His PhD thesis started in February 2016 is co-supervised by Anne Spalanzani (Chroma team) and Dominique Vaufreydaz.
Participant : Dominique Vaufreydaz.
Partners: ARMEN and PACCE teams from LS2N laboratory (Nantes), Inria (Pervasive and Chroma teams for Inria Rhône-Alpes, RITS in Paris), MAGMA from LIG laboratory (Grenoble).
The HIANIC project proposes to endow autonomous vehicles with smart behaviors (cooperation, negotiation, socially acceptable movements) to address problems that arise when autonomous cars are mixed with pedestrians in urban shared environment. It aims at developing new technologies in term of autonomous navigation in dense and human populated traffic. In order to contribute to urban safety and intelligent mobility, the HIANIC project also explores the complex problem of sociable interactions between pedestrians and cars while sharing the same urban environment.
In this project, Dominique Vaufreydaz works jointly with the Chroma team on perceiving pedestrians and their behaviors around autonomous cars and on interaction between autonomous vehicles and pedestrians.
LabEx Persyval - Project MicroBayes: Probabilistic Machines for Low-level Sensor Interpretation
Participants : Emmanuel Mazer, Raphael Frisch.
Partners: Laurent Girin (GIPSA Lab), Didier Piau (L'Institut Fourier)
Dates: Nov 2016 to Nov 2019
The project MicroBayes builds on results of the recently completed EC FET Open project BAMBI to explore a new technique for Blind source separation and acoustic signal location using a new form of Bayesian Computer. The techniques have recently been demonstrated using a software simulation. Current plans are to implement and demonstrate the Bayesian computer using an FPGA. By the end of the project we expect to produce a hardware implementation suitable for use in low-cost low-power applications.
James Crowley is on the scientific committee for the Minalogic Competitivity Cluster. Minalogic is the global innovation cluster for digital technologies serving France’s Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. The Scientific Committee advises the pole of strategy, advises local industry in proposal preparation, reviews FUI project proposals, and makes recommendations about labelling and support of project proposals.