Section: New Results
Broadcast Speedup in Vehicular Networks via Information Teleportation
In  presented this year at LCN our goal is to increase our understanding of the fundamental communication properties in urban vehicle-to-vehicle mobile networks by exploiting the self-similarity and hierarchical organization of modern cities. We use an innovative model called "hyperfractal" that captures the self-similarities of both the traffic and vehicle locations, and yet avoids the extremes of regularity and randomness. We use analytical tools to derive matching theoretical upper and lower bounds for the information propagation speed in an urban delay tolerant network (i.e., a network that is disconnected at all time, and thus uses a store-carry-and-forward routing model). We prove that the average broadcast time behaves as (times a slowly varying function), where depends on the precise fractal dimension. Furthermore, we show that the broadcast speedup is due in part to an interesting self-similar phenomenon, that we denote as information teleportation. This phenomenon arises as a consequence of the topology of the vehicle traffic, and triggers an acceleration of the broadcast time. We show that our model fits real cities where open traffic data sets are available. The study presents simulations that confirm the validity of the bounds in multiple realistic settings, including scenarios with variable speed.