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  • The Inria's Research Teams produce an annual Activity Report presenting their activities and their results of the year. These reports include the team members, the scientific program, the software developed by the team and the new results of the year. The report also describes the grants, contracts and the activities of dissemination and teaching. Finally, the report gives the list of publications of the year.

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Section: New Software and Platforms


Keywords: Static analysis - Optimization - Compilation - Gradients

Scientific Description: Tapenade implements the results of our research about models and static analyses for AD. Tapenade can be downloaded and installed on most architectures. Alternatively, it can be used as a web server. Higher-order derivatives can be obtained through repeated application.

Tapenade performs sophisticated data-flow analysis, flow-sensitive and context-sensitive, on the complete source program to produce an efficient differentiated code. Analyses include Type-Checking, Read-Write analysis, and Pointer analysis. AD-specific analyses include:

Activity analysis: Detects variables whose derivative is either null or useless, to reduce the number of derivative instructions.

Adjoint Liveness analysis: Detects the source statements that are dead code for the computation of derivatives.

TBR analysis: In adjoint-mode AD, reduces the set of source variables that need to be recovered.

Functional Description: Tapenade is an Algorithmic Differentiation tool that transforms an original program into a new program that computes derivatives of the original program. Algorithmic Differentiation produces analytical derivatives, that are exact up to machine precision. Adjoint-mode AD can compute gradients at a cost which is independent from the number of input variables. Tapenade accepts source programs written in Fortran77, Fortran90, or C. It provides differentiation in the following modes: tangent, vector tangent, adjoint, and vector adjoint.

News Of The Year: - Continued development of multi-language capacity: AD of codes mixing Fortran and C - Continued front-end for C++ based on Clang - Experimental support for building Abs-Normal Form tangent of non-smooth codes