Section: Application Domains
Sparse signal processing in chemistry
Participants: Marc Castella, Emilie Chouzenoux, Arthur Marmin, Jean-Christophe Pesquet (Collaboration: Laurent Duval, IFPEN, Rueil Malmaison)
Mass Spectrometry (MS) is a powerful tool used for robust, accurate, and sensitive detection and quantification of molecules of interest. Thanks to its sensibility and selectivity, MS is widely used in proteomics such anti-doping, metabolomics, medicine or structural biology. In particular, it has applications in clinical research, personalized medicine, diagnosis process and tumours profiling and pharmaceutical quality control. In an MS experiment, the raw signal arising from the molecule ionization in an ion beam is measured as a function of time via Fourier Transform-based measures such as Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR) and Orbitrap. A spectral analysis step is then performed to improve the quality of data. The goal is then to determine from this observed pattern distribution the most probable chemical composition of the sample, through the determination of the monoisotopic mass, charge state and abundance of each present molecule. This amounts to solve a large scale signal estimation problem under specific sparsity constraints , . Collaboration with Dr. L. Duval, Research Engineer at IFP Energies Nouvelles, France is on-going in this applicative context.