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OPIS - 2019

Overall Objectives
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry

Section: Research Program

Accelerated algorithms for solving high-dimensional continuous optimization problems

Variational problems requiring the estimation of a huge number of variables have now to be tackled, especially in the field of 3D reconstruction/restoration (e.g. 109 variables in 3D imaging). In addition to the curse of dimensionality, another difficulty to overcome is that the cost function usually reads as the sum of several loss/regularization terms, possibly composed with large-size linear operators. These terms can be nonsmooth and/or nonconvex, as they may serve to promote the sparsity of the sought solution in some suitable representation (e.g. a frame) or to fufill some physical constraints. In such a challenging context, there is a strong need for developing fast parallelized optimization agorithms for which sound theoretical guarantees of convergence can be established. We explore deterministic and stochastic approaches based on proximal tools, MM (Majorization-Minimization) strategies, and trust region methods. Because of the versatility of the methods that will be proposed, a wide range of applications in image recovery are considered: parallel MRI, breast tomosynthesis, 3D ultrasound imaging, and two-photon microscopy. For example, in breast tomosynthesis (collaboration with GE Healthcare), 3D breast images have to be reconstructed from a small number of X-ray projections with limited view angles. Our objective is to facilitate the clinical task by developing advanced reconstruction methods allowing micro-calcifications to be highlighted. In two-photon microscopy (collaboration with XLIM), our objective is to provide effective numerical solutions to improve the 3D resolution of the microscope, especially when cheap laser sources are used, with applications to muscle disease screening.