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OPIS - 2019

Overall Objectives
New Software and Platforms
New Results
Bilateral Contracts and Grants with Industry

Section: Research Program

Optimization over graphs

Graphs and hypergraphs are rich data structures for capturing complex, possibly irregular, dependencies in multidimensional data. Coupled with Markov models, they constitute the backbones of many techniques used in computer vision. Optimization is omnipresent in graph processing. Firstly, it allows the structure of the underlying graph to be inferred from the observed data, when the former is hidden. Second, it permits to develop graphical models based on the prior definition of a meaningful cost function. This leads to powerful nonlinear estimates of variables corresponding to unknown weights on the vertices and/or the edges of the graph. Tasks such as partitioning the graph into subgraphs corresponding to different clusters (e.g., communities in social networks) or graph matching, can effectively be performed within this framework. Finally, graphs by themselves offer flexible structures for formulating and solving optimization problems in an efficient distributed manner. On all these topics, our group has acquired a long-term expertise that we plan to further strengthen. In terms of applications, novel graph mining methods are proposed for gene regulatory and brain network analysis. For example, we plan to develop sophisticated methods for better understanding the gene regulatory network of various microscopic fungi, in order to improve the efficiency of the production of bio-fuels (collaboration with IFP Energies Nouvelles).