Section: New Results

Discontinuous Galerkin methods for the elastodynamic equations

DGTD- p method for viscoelastic media

Participants : Nathalie Glinsky, Stéphane Lanteri, Fabien Peyrusse.

We continue developing high order non-dissipative discontinuous Galerkin methods on simplicial meshes for the numerical solution of the first order hyperbolic linear system of elastodynamic equations. These methods share some ingredients of the DGTD- p methods developed by the team for the time domain Maxwell equations among which, the use of nodal polynomial (Lagrange type) basis functions, a second order leap-frog time integration scheme and a centered scheme for the evaluation of the numerical flux at the interface between neighboring elements. The resulting DGTD- p methods have been validated and evaluated in detail in the context of propagation problems in both homogeneous and heterogeneous media including problems for which analytical solutions can be computed. Particular attention was given to the study of the mathematical properties of these schemes such as stability, convergence and numerical dispersion.

A recent novel contribution is the extension of the DGTD method to include viscoelastic attenuation. For this, the velocity-stress first-order hyperbolic system is completed by additional equations for the anelastic functions including the strain history of the material. These additional equations result from the rheological model of the generalized Maxwell body and permit the incorporation of realistic attenuation properties of viscoelastic material accounting for the behaviour of elastic solids and viscous fluids. In practice, we need solving 3L additional equations in 2D (and 6L in 3D), where L is the number of relaxation mechanisms of the generalized Maxwell body. This method has been implemented in 2D and validated by comparison to results obtained by a finite-difference method, in particular for wave propagation in a realistic basin of the area of Nice (south of France) [40] -[35] .

DGTD- p method for the assessment of topographic effects

Participants : Etienne Bertrand [CETE Méditerranée] , Nathalie Glinsky.

This study addresses the numerical assessment of site effects especially topographic effects. The study of measurements and experimental records proved that seismic waves can be amplified at some particular locations of a topography. Numerical simulations are exploited here to understand further and explain this phenomenon. The DGTD- p method has been applied to a realistic topography of Rognes area (where the Provence earthquake occured in 1909) to model the observed amplification and the associated frequency. Moreover, the results obtained on several homogeneous and heterogeneous configurations prove the influence of the medium in-depth geometry on the amplifications measures at the surface [38] .

DGTD- p method for arbitrary heterogeneous media

Participants : Nathalie Glinsky, Diego Mercerat [CETE Méditerranée] .

We have recently devised an extension of the DGTD method for elastic wave propagation in arbitrary heterogeneous media. In realistic geological media (sedimentary basins for example), one has to include strong variations in the material properties. Then, the classical hypothesis that these properties are constant within each element of the mesh can be a severe limitation of the method, since we need to discretize the medium with very fine meshes resulting in very small time steps. For these reasons, we propose an improvement of the DGTD method allowing non-constant material properties within the mesh elements. A change of variables on the stress components allows writing the elastodynamic system in a pseudo-conservative form. Then, the introduction of non-constant material properties inside an element is simply treated by the calculation, via convenient quadrature formulae, of a modified local mass matrix depending on these properties. This new extension has been validated for a smoothly varying medium or a strong jump between two media, which can be accurately approximated by the method, independently of the mesh [39] .

DGFD- p method for frequency domain elastodynamics

Participants : Hélène Barucq [MAGIQUE3D project-team, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest] , Marie Bonnasse, Julien Diaz [MAGIQUE3D project-team, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest] , Stéphane Lanteri.

We have started this year a research direction aiming at the development of high order discontinuous Galerkin methods on unstructured meshes for the simulation of frequency domain elastodynamic and viscelastic wave propagation. This study is part of the Depth Imaging Partnership (DIP) between Inria and TOTAL. The PhD thesis of Marie Bonnasse is at the heart of this study which is funded by TOTAL.