Section: Partnerships and Cooperations

National Initiatives

High speed rail track instrumentation

Participant : Ivan Guéguen.

  • Type: IRT

  • Objective: rail track SHM

  • Duration: 11/2014 to 11/2018

  • Coordinator: RAILENIUM


  • Inria contact: Ivan Guéguen

  • Abstract: This project aims at instrumenting multiple sections of a high-speed route (classical section with granular layer, transition zone). The proposed instrumentation concerns all the different layers of the structure, and is designed to allow monitoring of the overall track behavior.

    The instrumentation will include:

    • A weather station for environmental conditions (temperature, precipitation on the site).

    • Accelerometers, to monitor the dynamic behavior of the track, with measurements at several levels: the hammer beams on top of the grave-bitumen layer, on top of the soil.

    • Instrumentation of severe bitumen strain gauges for measuring the longitudinal and transverse tensile strains, and temperature probes (top and bottom layer). This instrumentation will estimate the fatigue life of the GB, temperature changes in this layer, and will calculate a temperature equivalent to the layer of GB.

    • Instrumentation subgrade by means of measurement gauges at the top of the vertical deformation of the soil, and TDR probes to measure changes in water content. Its objective is to measure the levels of distortion in the upper part of the soil, and their variations, in conjunction with the seasonal variations in water content.

    • An anchored sensor, measuring the total deflection between the top of the GB and a reference point that is 4 m deep. This sensor will measure the total displacement of the structure beneath the ballast (GB + layer of granular soil leveling + support). These will also serve as a reference for comparison with the movements deducted from accelerometer measurements.

    • Continuous optical fiber, to measure static permanent deformation in the transverse direction over the entire width of the structure at the base of the sub-layer.

ANR Resbati

Participant : Jean Dumoulin.

  • Type: ANR

  • Objectif: In-situ measurements of thermal wall resistance

  • Duration: 10/2016 to 10/2019

  • Coordinator: Laurent ibos


  • Inria contact: Jean Dumoulin

  • Abstract: Thermal insulation of opaque walls remains an essential point for improving the energy efficiency in buildings. Indeed, the number of badly insulated buildings in France is still very important. In addition, current thermal regulations set high requirements in terms of thermal insulation and will continue to be more rigorous as new building will be energy-positive with the French RT2020. However, there is no systematic method for measuring the thermal insulation level of the building walls. Their thermal performance must be controlled for renovation of the building, during its construction, for its delivery or during use. The need of a method of in-situ control of walls is more relevant than ever. Such a measurement at the wall level is an interesting complement to global methods (co-heating, etc.) that concern the whole building energy balance. The physical parameter representing the quality of the wall thermal insulation is its thermal resistance. Currently, methods for measuring this parameter exist, either in the form of laboratory or exploratory methods, or in the form of international standards or draft standards. However, each of these methods does not meet all the conditions guaranteeing a general measurement: use on any type of wall and at any time of the year, low measurement duration, ease of use, moderate cost. The RESBATI project (in-situ measurement of the thermal resistance of building walls) aims at developing an in-situ measurement device that respects these specifications. The measuring means is infrared thermography in active approach. The uncertainty and the limitations of the measurement will be identified during the project. Infrared thermography in passive mode has demonstrated for many years its ability to reveal the presence of insulation defects in buildings. However, it is essentially a qualitative tool. The active approach of infrared thermography is not very used for building investigation and is a promising way for obtaining quantitative information such as the thermal resistance of the wall to investigate. Indeed research results have already shown that this approach could be used to obtain quantitative estimations of the thermal resistance of opaque building walls. The RESBATI project will demonstrate the potential of the active approach so that control can be performed in any season, for any type of building and any use (occupied or not) and quickly. The passive approach might nevertheless be used as a complement because it does not require the use of additional equipment ensuring the thermal load of the wall to diagnose and provides access to larger wall surfaces to analyze. The consortium brings complementary partners together working at different levels of the building: research laboratories, technical center, national metrology laboratory, company and standards organization. The advanced knowledge and past achievements of the various partners on the subject make it possible to develop such a method with measurement uncertainty and the associated prototypes. Many facilities will be available for qualification of prototypes: climate rooms for laboratory testing, existing buildings for in-situ qualifications. Thus, a wide variety of walls (structure and isolation level) can be tested. Moreover, these buildings have different uses (residential or service buildings). In conclusion of the project, measurements will be carried out by future end-users of the device.

Equipex Sense-City

Participants : Jean Dumoulin, Laurent Mevel, Antoine Crinière.

Through the ADT Cloud2SM, participation of I4S in SenseCity was possible. IFSTTAR's SensorBox developed by Jean Dumoulin was installed and presented at SEnseCity Kick off and is installed on-site. Cloud2IR and Cloud2SM software have been deployed within the ADT of A. Crinière. (http://sense-city.ifsttar.fr/)