Section: New Results

Accessibility of e-learning systems

Participants: Pierre-Antoine Cinquin, Damien Caselli and Pascal Guitton

In 2018, we continued to work on new digital teaching systems such as MOOCs. Unfortunately, accessibility for people with disabilities is often forgotten, which excludes them, particularly those with cognitive impairments for whom accessibility standards are fare from being established. We have shown in [11] that very few research activities deal with this issue.

In past years, we have proposed new design principles based on knowledge in the areas of accessibility (Ability-based Design and Universal Design), digital pedagogy (Instruction Design with functionalities that reduce the cognitive load : navigation by concept, slowing of the flow…), specialized pedagogy (Universal Design for Learning, eg, automatic note-taking, and Self Determination Theory, e.g., configuration of the interface according to users needs and preferences) and psychoducational interventions (eg, support the joint teacher-learner attention), but also through a participatory design approach involving students with disabilities and experts in the field of disability. From these framework, we have designed interaction features which have been implemented in a specific MOOC player called Aïana. Moreover, we have produced a MOOC on digital accessibility which is published on the national MOOC platform (FUN) using Aïana (4 sessions since 2016 with more than 9000 registered participants). https://mooc-francophone.com/cours/mooc-accessibilite-numerique/. Our first field studies demonstrate the benefits of using Aïana for disabled participants [22].

Figure 7. The Aïana MOOC player.